Network & Infrastructure

Monitoring & Network Management
July 16, 2020

Network and infrastructure:

Local area networks

Design, implementation and implementation of LAN in accordance with TIA / EIA 865 B standard (standard registered in the implementation of Ethernet networks by Bicsi) along with power distribution network and central telephone network in accordance with TIA / EIA 569 A

Passive equipment

Establishing a data transmission network, power transmission as well as PBX is an infrastructure program with the aim of producing a suitable communication structure, compatible with available hardware platforms, as well as the ability to develop and measure in the future is inevitable and obvious. Therefore, after preparing the layout of the existing office space, using the technical drawings and the required L.O.M list, the installation project will be started.

Server room

Design and implementation of the Server Room environment required to create an information center and IT operations, including the purchase and operation of passive equipment such as Cabling and Trunking system, Physical security control system, automatic ventilation system, automatic fire alarm and extinguishing system and finally control system and Monitoring the amount of input current by a suitable electrical circuit

Electricity flow

The current consumption of the server room equipment requires a special electrical circuit to control the input-output current, load distribution (Load Balancing) and also load fault tolerance (Fault Tolerance) on independent phases.

Cooling system

Because the server room environment generates very high heat due to the use of multiple servers and other heat-sensitive equipment, and the importance of maintaining the health of this hardware equipment is very high. The use of at least two ventilation systems (Redundant Air Condition) with adequate capacity with the required amount of cold aeration is inevitable.

Physical security

Physical security means preventing unauthorized people from entering the server room, using tools such as encrypted electronic locks and IP Base CCTV cameras. In principle, the physical access of irresponsible people to Active equipment installed in the server room may cause disruption or sabotage and ultimately disable active services.


Fire alarm and extinguishing system

Due to the use of heat-sensitive computer and electronic equipment in the server room and also the possibility of fire due to electricity in the server room, installation of automatic fire alarm and extinguishing system in dry form (use of gases approved by the organization Fire and environmentally friendly) is inevitable.

Active equipment

Provision of hardware equipment (Server Side) and their implementation, including the purchase and commissioning of Active equipment in the Server Room based on the type and number of services required such as racks, servers, storage system, backup system, switches, routers , Firewalls and UPS


Fluke standard and ten tests

In order to maintain the quality and security of the organization’s passive LAN equipment, it is inevitable to apply a maintenance system in a completely specialized manner. Therefore, maintaining existing communication standards such as TIA / EIA 568 B and performing Fluke tests periodically is a must.

Network services

All Server Room hardware equipment mentioned and implemented above will be used to set up the following services:

Infrastructure Services:

DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)

This service automatically assigns an IP address to each client in the network, in which one or more scopes in the network can be defined by specifying the scope of work.


DNS (Domain Name Service)

This service is used to convert Host Name or Computer Name to IP Address. It consists of two parts:

Forward Lookup Zone

Convert Computer Name to IP Addresses.

Reverse Lookup Zone

Convert IP Address to Computer Names.


WINS (Windows Internet Name Service)

Used to translate NetBIOS names into IP Addresses.


Active Directory Directory Service:


To a set of one or more Subnet IDs that are linked by a Fast Link.


It is necessary to have at least one domain in the Active Directory structure. When we have more than one domain with the same DNS Name, this logical structure is called Tree.


If the domains in the Active Directory structure do not have the same root domain, they form a Multiple tree. A forest contains one or more domains in the Multiple tree. In fact, one or more domain trees that are logically related to each other.

Active Directory Structure:

Logical Structure

Active Directory is a logical structure that categorizes different parts of the network in terms of software, which includes Domain, OU, Tree, Forest.

Physical Structure

Is the physical structure of the network. When we physically divide the network, we use Site, DC.


With Group Policy Objects, we can make the necessary settings for Security, Deployment Software and settings on OS, applications, etc. without direct contact with them. GPOs are a collection of hundreds of possible settings.


Messaging Services:

Microsoft Exchange

This service is used to set up Mail Server.

Microsoft Skype for Business

It is the Instant Messenger service that allows you to create a chat room within the organization and also has the Remote assistance feature that allows remote access to troubleshoot systems.


Reporting Services:

System Center Configuration Management

For optimal management of resources on the network